Person-Centred Counselling, also known as client-centred therapy or Rogerian psychotherapy (pioneered by Carl Rogers), requires the authentic personal involvement between both client and therapist. It is a real relationship wherein both view each other as important and the client feels valued for himself/herself rather than for thinking, feeling, or behaving in ways others think he/she should.
Unlike psychoanalysis, which seeks to probe the client’s unconscious mind for memories of past events, person-centred therapy is concerned with the client’s present experience. There is no particular structure to this non-directive approach. The therapeutic relationship itself provides the means for the client to find his/her own solutions to problems or obstacles that get in the way of fulfilment.
Person-centred counselling bridges the gap between a client’s ideal self and his/her actual self. Its primary goals are increased self-esteem and greater openness to experience. The objectives may include lower levels of defensiveness and insecurity, less guilt and more self-understanding, more positive and comfortable relationships, and an increased capacity to fully experience and express feelings at the moment they occur.